When is fennel in season?

When is fennel in season?

This perennial herb of the celery family is usually used in American dishes, but when is the fennel season? It is available in the January-April and October-December periods in Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Washington, and Virginia. In the June-July period, fennel can be found in Kansas, Rhode Island, and Colorado.

StateFennel in season
AlabamaJanuary till April and October till December
ArkansasJanuary till April and October till December
Northern CaliforniaJanuary till December
ColoradoJune till September
ConnecticutOctober till November
DelawareOctober till November
North FloridaJanuary till February and September till December
South FloridaJanuary till February and September till December
IdahoJune till October
IowaAugust till September
KansasJuly
LouisianaJanuary till April and October till December
MarylandOctober till November
MassachusettsOctober till November
MichiganJune till Mid-September
MinnesotaJuly till December
MississippiJanuary till April and October till December
NevadaJune till September
New JerseyOctober till November
New MexicoAugust till November
New YorkOctober till November
North CarolinaJanuary till June and September till December
OhioSeptember till October
OregonJanuary till December
PennsylvaniaOctober till November
Rhode IslandJune till November
TennesseeJanuary till May and September till December
UtahJune till September
VirginiaJanuary till April and August till December
WashingtonJune till November
WyomingMid-April till August

Fennels contain calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, chromium, and aluminum. They have an antispasmodic and carminative effect, increase the secretory activity of the digestive glands, promoting digestion and act as a diuretic.  

Fennel has an expectorant and disinfectant effect. In folk medicine, a decoction of fennel seeds is used to wash the eyes for conjunctivitis and the skin for pustular diseases. It is also drunk for flatulence, abdominal pain, coughing, insomnia, as well as to improve milk production in nursing mothers. Last but not least, fennel is recommended for, bronchitis, pneumonia, and other respiratory diseases. Gargling with fennel decoction eliminates sore throat and hoarseness.

¿But how to use this miraculous plant? To use the medicinal properties of fennel, it is possible to ground it into powder, and brew half a teaspoon in the morning, afternoon, and evening in a small cup of boiling water and drink it. 

When it comes to cooking, fennel leaves are added fresh to salads and fresh seafood, fish, and meat dishes when stewing. The seeds are put in spicy soups and marinades, and various pickles. This plant is most widely used in French and Italian cuisines.